Modern Art

Modern Art

Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophies of the art produced during that era. The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation. Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. A tendency away from the narrative, which was characteristic for the traditional arts, toward abstraction is characteristic of much modern art. More recent artistic production is often called contemporary art or postmodern art. Modern art constitutes of painters like Frida Kahlo, Hilma af Klint, Berenice Abbott, Anita Malfatti, Paula Modersohn-Becker, Emily Carr, Marjorie Lee Eaton, Sigrid Hjertén, Gertrude Stein, Georgia O’Keeffe, Märta Måås-Fjetterström and Camille Claudel all of whom were essential for the development of modern art. 

Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo, egentligen Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón, född 6 juli 1907 i Coyoacán, Mexico City, död 13 juli 1954 i Coyoacán, Mexico City, var en mexikansk konstnär. Kahlo målade framförallt självporträtt och lät sig inspireras av mexikansk populärkultur, och arbetade i en sorts naivistisk folkkonsttradition. I sin konst undersökte hon frågor kring identitet, postkolonialism, genus, klass och etnicitet. Målningarna innehåller ofta element från hennes biografi, hon blandar realism och fantasi, och Kahlos har beskrivits som surrealist eller magisk realist. Hon tillhörde även den postrevolutionära Mexicanidad-rörelsen, som syftade till att definiera en mexikansk identitet. Hon var medlem av det mexikanska kommunistpartiet.

Hilma af Klint

Hilma af Klint

Hilma af Klint, born October 26, 1862 at Karlberg Castle in Solna parish, died October 21, 1944 in Danderyd, was a Swedish painter, theosophist and pioneer in abstract painting. She was part of a religious group called The Five. Her systematic paintings can be said to be "visual representations of complex philosophical ideas and spiritual concepts". Hilma af Klint is one of the artists who only gained attention and recognition long after her death.

Berenice Abbott

Berenice Abbott

Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), née Bernice Alice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her portraits of between-the-wars 20th century cultural figures, New York City photographs of architecture and urban design of the 1930s, and science interpretation in the 1940s to 1960s.

Anita Malfatti

Anita Malfatti

Anita Catarina Malfatti (December 2, 1889 – November 6, 1964) is heralded as the first Brazilian artist to introduce European and American forms of Modernism to Brazil. Her solo exhibition in Sao Paulo, from 1917–1918, was controversial at the time, and her expressionist style and subject were revolutionary for the complacently old-fashioned art expectations of Brazilians who were searching for a national identity in art, but who were not prepared for the influences Malfatti would bring to the country. Malfatti's presence was also highly felt during the Week of Modern Art (Semana de Arte Moderna) in 1922, where she and the Group of Five made huge revolutionary changes in the structure and response to modern art in Brazil.

Paula Modersohn-Becker

Paula Modersohn-Becker

Paula Modersohn-Becker (8 February 1876 – 20 November 1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism. Her career was cut short when she died from postpartum embolism aged of 31. She is recognized as the first known female painter to paint nude self-portraits. She was an important member of the early 20th century modernism movement.

Emily Carr

Emily Carr

Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer who was inspired by the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. One of the painters in Canada to adopt a Modernist and Post-Impressionist style, Carr did not receive widespread recognition for her work until she changed subject matter from Aboriginal themes to landscapes—forest scenes in particular. As a writer Carr was one of the earliest chroniclers of life in British Columbia. The Canadian Encyclopedia describes her as a "Canadian icon".

Marjorie Lee Eaton

Marjorie Lee Eaton

Marjorie Lee Eaton (February 5, 1901 – April 21, 1986) was an American painter, photographer and character actress who physically portrayed the Emperor in the original release of The Empire Strikes Back, though her face was masked and her voice dubbed. The 2004 DVD release of the film had her replaced by the best-known portrayer of the character, Ian McDiarmid. She studied at The Art Institute of Boston, in Florence, Italy and in Paris, however she found it impossible to make a living as a woman artist, so she gave up painting entirely and turned to acting.

Sigrid Hjertén

Sigrid Hjertén

Sigrid Hjertén (27 October 1885 – 24 March 1948) was a Swedish modernist painter. Hjertén is considered a major figure in Swedish modernism. Periodically she was highly productive and participated in 106 exhibitions. She worked as an artist for 30 years before dying of complications from a botched lobotomy for schizophrenia.

Gertrude Stein

Gertrude Stein

Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the Allegheny West neighborhood and raised in Oakland, California, Stein moved to Paris in 1903, and made France her home for the remainder of her life. She hosted a Paris salon, where the leading figures of modernism in literature and art, such as Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis, Ezra Pound, Sherwood Anderson and Henri Matisse, would meet. In 1933, Stein published a quasi-memoir of her Paris years, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, written in the voice of Alice B. Toklas, her life partner. The book became a literary bestseller and vaulted Stein from the relative obscurity of the cult-literature scene into the limelight of mainstream attention. Two quotes from her works have become widely known: "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose,"[3] and "there is no there there", with the latter often taken to be a reference to her childhood home of Oakland.

Georgia O’Keeffe

Georgia O’Keeffe

Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist. She was known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes. O'Keeffe has been recognized as the "Mother of American modernism". In 1905, O'Keeffe began her serious formal art training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago[3] and then the Art Students League of New York, but she felt constrained by her lessons that emphasised the recreation or copying of nature. In 1908, unable to fund further education, she worked for two years as a commercial illustrator and then taught in Virginia, Texas, and South Carolina between 1911 and 1918. She moved to New York in 1918 at and began working seriously as an artist.

Märta Måås-Fjetterström

Märta Måås-Fjetterström

Märta Livia Vilhelmina Måås-Fjetterström, originally Fjetterström, born 21 June 1873 in Kimstad in Östergötland, died 13 April 1941 in Båstad, was a Swedish textile artist. Throughout her life, Måås-Fjetterström and her weaving workshop received several prestigious assignments, but the definitive breakthrough came in 1934 with an exhibition at Liljevalch's art gallery together with, among others, Elsa Gullberg, Carl Malmsten and Svenskt Tenn.

Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel, född 8 december 1864 i Fère-en-Tardenois i Aisne, död 19 oktober 1943 på mentalsjukhuset Montdevergues nära Avignon, var en fransk skulptör och grafiker. Bland hennes mest kända verk märks Śakountala / L'abandon ('Śakuntala / Hängivelsen' (1888), La valse ('Valsen') (1893) och Les Bavardes ('Pratmakerskorna') (1895; en studie i gips).